A noisy paracrine signal determines the cellular NF-kappaB response to lipopolysaccharide.
|Title||A noisy paracrine signal determines the cellular NF-kappaB response to lipopolysaccharide.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2009|
|Authors||Lee TK, Denny EM, Sanghvi JC, Gaston JE, Maynard ND, Hughey JJ, Covert MW|
|Keywords||Active Transport, Cell Nucleus, Animals, Cell Survival, Cells, Cultured, Coculture Techniques, Lipopolysaccharides, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, NF-kappa B, Paracrine Communication, Phenotype, Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha|
Nearly identical cells can exhibit substantially different responses to the same stimulus. We monitored the nuclear localization dynamics of nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) in single cells stimulated with tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Cells stimulated with TNF-alpha have quantitative differences in NF-kappaB nuclear localization, whereas LPS-stimulated cells can be clustered into transient or persistent responders, representing two qualitatively different groups based on the NF-kappaB response. These distinct behaviors can be linked to a secondary paracrine signal secreted at low concentrations, such that not all cells undergo a second round of NF-kappaB activation. From our single-cell data, we built a computational model that captures cell variability, as well as population behaviors. Our findings show that mammalian cells can create "noisy" environments to produce diversified responses to stimuli.
|Alternate Journal||Sci Signal|