Herpes simplex virus type 2 acquisition during recent HIV infection does not influence plasma HIV levels.
|Title||Herpes simplex virus type 2 acquisition during recent HIV infection does not influence plasma HIV levels.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2008|
|Authors||Cachay ER, Frost SDW, Poon AFY, Looney D, Rostami SM, Pacold ME, Richman DD, Little SJ, Smith DM|
|Journal||J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr|
|Date Published||2008 Apr 15|
|Keywords||Adult, CD4 Lymphocyte Count, Cohort Studies, Herpes Simplex, Herpesvirus 2, Human, HIV, HIV Infections, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Retrospective Studies, RNA, Viral, Viral Load|
We assessed the effect of herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) acquisition on the plasma HIV RNA and CD4 cell levels among individuals with primary HIV infection using a retrospective cohort analysis. We studied 119 adult, antiretroviral-naive, recently HIV-infected men with a negative HSV-2-specific enzyme immunoassay (EIA) result at enrollment. HSV-2 acquisition was determined by seroconversion on HSV-2 EIA, confirmed by Western blot analysis. Ten men acquired HSV-2 infection a median of 1.3 years after HIV infection (HSV-2 incidence rate of 7.4 per 100 person-years of follow-up). The median time of follow-up after acquiring HSV-2 infection was 303 days. All men except 1 were asymptomatic during HSV-2 acquisition, and only 1 HSV-2 seroconverter, who was asymptomatic, had a transient increase in blood HIV load (0.5 log10 copies/mL over 11 days). The HSV-2 incidence rate was high in our cohort of recently HIV-infected individuals; however, HSV-2 acquisition did not significantly change the plasma HIV dynamics and CD4 cell levels.
|Alternate Title||J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr.|